History and culture of Japanese ceramics:焼き物

Iga ware : 伊賀焼

March 18, 2008 7:38 PM   Iga ware : 伊賀焼











History of Iga ware :


The history of Iga ware was old and the old kiln in the second half of the 16th century was checked from investigation etc.
Iga ware developed as a place of production of full-scale pottery from the Heian period last stage at the start time of the Kamakura period.
When it applied to Momoyama Era from the end of the Muromachi period and WABI-CHA (taste-for-the-simple-and-quiet tea) spread, individual Iga ware came to attract attention as tea ceremony pottery.
Since Sadaji Tsutsui and Takatora Todo who had governed Iga were CHA-JIN (master of the tea ceremony), Iga ware took in the sense and consideration of the tea ceremony skillfully.
"Mizusashi and a flower vase had nothing that surpasses Iga ware" was said, and Iga ware received high evaluations from masters of the tea ceremony.
However, the Iga ware cannot respond to the trend of the tea ceremony which flows and goes, but after entering an Edo term, the smoke of Iga ware kiln once stops.
Then, Iga ware revived in the middle of the Edo period, and changed to the place of production which makes offering dishes for daily use, such as a clay pot and an earthenware teapot.
Then, as a place of production of heat-resistant tableware in which Iga ware employed the characteristic of "IGA-TOUDO" (Iga clay) efficiently from Meiji to the present age, the tradition is inherited and continues.
Iga ware has "HACHO NO BI" (beauty of broken meter) which added the hand in the well-organized form.
Iga ware expresses most purely "the beauty of pottery" which can be caught sensitively.



The feature of Iga ware :


The "Iga clay" extracted around Iga is used, examples of traditional craftsmanship and technique are utilized, and the pottery produced in Iga and Nabari is called "Iga ware."
With "Iga clay"originates in the old Lake Biwa layer deposited about 4 million years ago.
GAIROME clay tries to contain many silicic anhydride of the plant carbonized besides clay, and a rough grain.

If GAIROME clay is calcinated, it will become porosity foundation, and it has the feature of excelling in refractoriness, porosity nature, thermal storage warmth retaining property, the ultra-red ray effect, and a water absorptivity.
Moreover, the clay called kibushi clay (KIBISHI-NENDO) is made of fine-grained clay and a carbonized plant, and has the feature that fire-resistant temperature is high.
Iga ware is also called alias NANADO-YAKI (pottery burned 7 times).
Works are burned many times, HI-IRO of autumn tints and ash glaze fall on on the pottery skin which burned black, and a kind of "brightness" is added to it into weightiness.
Iga ware seems to be beautiful "muddy flower" produced out of the flame of 1400 degrees.


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